Frogs, lizards and snakes, and carrion are also eaten. Make sure, however, that the box you select is suited for the specific birds you want to attract. From the perch they scan the ground for movement, using both their eyes and ears to detect it, flying silently in pursuit of whatever suitable prey they see. The chicks hiss and click their beaks if they feel threatened. This gives them the ability to fly silently, allowing them to ambush unsuspecting prey, and also to be able to hear while flying in pursuit of the prey. When roosting in trees, the owl will usually sit close to the … They can become aggressive and attack to defend their nest, flying at people and/or dogs and scratching them with their talons. & Milstein, P. le S. Compilers, 1989. Spotted Eagle-Owls have acute hearing, enabling them to pinpoint the tiniest of sounds. They fly into strands of barbed wire on fences. Report complaints on environmental and/or social harms and gender discrimination arising from SANBI’s activities. Mortality: Spotted Eagle Owls may reach 10 or more years in age. Young owls may move a few dozen or a few hundred kilometres away from their birthplace before they find a territory of their own to settle in. Recorded causes of death include nest predation by larger carnivores, human persecution, bush fires, vehicle strikes and collisions with barbed-wire fences. Owls, like most creatures, are particular about their accommodation. Their pupils act independently of each other, which allow them to see something that is in bright light and in shadow at the same time. They are thought to aid the owl’s camouflage while roosting by breaking up its outline and helping it blend into its surroundings. The Spotted Eagle-Owl and all species in the Strigiformes, except the few that are on Appendix 1, are listed on CITES Appendix 2. International trade, with or without the exchange of money, in these species is controlled and export permits are required. They are only fully independent when they are about four months old, and around this time the young owls move away from their parent’s territory to find a territory of their own. Step 4: In our construction we then fixed the galvanised sheet roof cover, painted with an all-purpose undercoat, using a few short screws to keep it in place. Owls aren’t just beautiful creatures to have around - they can also keep garden pests at bay. Conservation status and what the future holds. Bubo is the genus name for the Eagle-Owls, including the Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo). Full frame-no crop! When I visited the same spot a week later the nest and owl were gone. Owls have forward-facing eyes and binocular vision, but this also means that they have a narrow field of vision, and to overcome this, owls have evolved a very flexible neck that can twist around to 270 degrees. The Spotted Eagle-Owl is found in a variety of habitats, including open scrub, grassland, savanna woodland, forest patches and forest edges, but not in evergreen forest or sandy deserts. when people come too close to the nest. Although these owls are quite capable of looking after themselves and have adapted to many human-altered landscapes, too many owls die unnecessarily due to human action. Remember, where you place the box is a key consideration, not least of all to determine how it will be mounted. Location of Nesting Box: 4 – 6 m above the ground, avoid direct sun. They may also put their head down and spread their wings out sideways to intimidate whatever they feel threatened by. Its range extends across sub-Equatorial Africa to southern Arabia. The largest portion of our construction was made up from a single plank measuring 2.4m x 455mm x 22mm, available from your local timber dealer. This project requires very basic tools: A square, bevel square, drill, power screwdriver, paintbrush, hammer (not essential) and skill saw. Struik. Chicks are killed by domestic dogs and cats, and owls are killed or hurt by people that fear them or use their body parts in traditional medicine. The other typical owls in southern African are the Marsh Owl (Asio capensis), Cape Eagle-Owl (Bubo capensis), Verreaux’s Eagle-Owl (Bubo lacteus), African Barred Owlet (Glaucidium capense), Pearl-spotted Owlet (Glaucidium perlatum), African Scops-Owl (Otus senegalensis), Southern White-faced Owl (Ptilopsis granti), Pel’s Fishing Owl (Scotopelia peli) and the African Wood Owl (Strix woodfordii). We also used 40 x 40mm brass screws and wood glue to assemble the owl nesting box, and an exterior marine-quality wood sealer. Chicks that wander far from the nest and appear to be lost are easily located by their parents by their wheezing call. They are able to breed at around one year of age. Only two other owls also occur at Kirstenbosch in the wild areas of the estate; the Cape Eagle Owl in rocky areas on the mountain and the Wood Owl in the forest. Spotted Eagle Owl fact file, an extract from an article in Promerops No 292, November 2012, http://www.capebirdclub.org.za/articles-promerops%20nov%202012%20peter%20steyn.html accessed 11 September. Ginn, P.S., McIlleron, W.G. Tel: +27 (0)12 843 5000 They can catch prey in almost total darkness, purely from following the sound. People kill owls out of fear, or for superstitious reasons, or accidentally hit them with cars. Accessed 12 Sep 2014. Accessed 12 September 2014. The nest is just above average human eye level and people tend not to see her unless they know where to look. Step 5: We applied three coats of the sealer to the exterior and entrance area of the nesting box. It’s worthwhile spending a little extra on a good wood sealer and making sure you have three good coats on the wood. Biodiversity Explorer, http://www.biodiversityexplorer.org/birds/strigidae/bubo_africanus.htm. The Spotted Eagle-Owl can be confused with the Cape Eagle-Owl (Bubo capensis).
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