The Battle of Anzio, which is also called Operation Shingle (January 22, 1944) was an Allied sea landing in the Italian Campaign against German forces of Anzio and Nettuno, Italy.. Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. That battle was part of the Allied effort to defeat the Axis powers in Italy. Entries are listed below by date-of-occurrence ascending (first-to-last). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Omissions? Updates? “A German defence Area on the Anzio Front”, “Anzio — The Allies’ Greatest Blunder of World War II”, Anzio Beach head – contemporary film footage, Negative Effects on the U.S. Economy Caused by World War 2, The P-51 Mustang in Europe, The need for and effects of the P-51 Mustang in the skies over Europe, The Deuce and a Half, The Backbone of Allied Armies. By February the German forces outnumbered the Allies and attacked their lines with the first goal of driving them out of Via Anziate. The battle would be the fighting that resulted after the Allies conducted an amphibious landing in the area of Anzio known as Operation Shingle. This contribution has not yet been formally edited by Britannica. Few games have been kept up to date as much as ANZIO has. Once they realized that they won’t be able to penetrate it the commander of the Allied forces in Italy began thinking about alternatives and what he could do. When the Germans got wind of the Allied landings they took immediate action. Corrections? After the Allies invaded Italy in 1943 they came at a halt at the Gustav Line at Cassino. The geography favored the Germans, too; they held a ring of high ground above the Allied position and poured down a massive volume of artillery fire on the soldiers holding the marshy ground below. Last accessed April 10th, 2013. Many German units were shattered during the four months of fighting and at this stage of the war replacements were few in number and poor in quality. The attack was commanded by American Major General John P. Lucas.He wanted to get around German forces on the Winter Line.Then he wanted to attack Rome. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Battle for Anzio – Woodruff, William, last accessed April 10th, 2013. Making a sea landing in a marshland needed to be done quickly. Among his many publications are. Many people also blame Clark for his change of strategy during Operation Diadem which led to the escape of the German Tenth Army, because of this escape the Tenth Army continued to fight in battles for the rest of the year. On January 30th the Allied forces launched the first attacks since the landings, the British attacked the Via Anziate heading to Campoleone while the American forces attacked Cisterna. Interested in participating in the Publishing Partner Program? When they first landed the Allies didn’t find much resistance and this allow them to secure a big beachhead (about 3 miles deep) but instead of moving quickly to attack the Germans, Lucas waited wanting to first secure the perimeter to the annoyance of Alexander and Churchill. “Anzio — The Allies’ Greatest Blunder of World War II”. While the U.S. military ignored the suggestion at first it was later adopted after Churchill talked to President Roosevelt. Adrian Gilbert is a writer, editor and consultant with a special interest in 20th-century warfare. After a few days of heavy fighting they pushed the British out of the ground they had gained and by February 16th the Germans attacked again and pushed the Allied forces all the way back to their beachhead. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Responding with their customary alacrity, the Germans soon had the Allied troops corralled within a tight perimeter. There are a total of (25) Anzio Landings - WW2 Timeline (January 22nd - June 5th, 1944) events in the Second World War timeline database. The Battle of Cisterna took place during World War II, on 30 January–2 February 1944, near Cisterna, Italy, as part of the Battle of Anzio, part of the Italian Campaign.The battle was a clear German victory which also had repercussions on the employment of U.S. Army Rangers that went beyond the immediate tactical and strategic results of the battle. Kappes, Irwin J. A suggestion from Winston Churchill was that they launch an operation that would move forces behind the Gustav Line at Anzio that would result in what we all know today as the Battle of Anzio. Olson’s heroism came … Other leading and trailing events may also be included for perspective. Intended as a daring outflanking move that would open up the way to the capture of Rome, the Anzio landings degenerated into World War II deadlock: the Allies unable to drive forward from their bridgehead and the Germans without the means to push the invaders back into the sea. The Germans were quick to exploit the sudden slowdown in Allied advance and because of this the Allies weren’t able to make an attack on Rome until May 29. Questions or concerns? Revised and revised again, a good game has gotten better and better. (2003). The Battle of Anzio commenced on January 22, 1944 and concluded with the fall of Rome on June 5. The Battle of Anzio, which is also called Operation Shingle (January 22, 1944) was an Allied sea landing in the Italian Campaign against German forces of Anzio and Nettuno, Italy.. Tags terms: ... Battle of Anzio. On 5 June, the Allies marched into Rome unopposed. While Lucas should have been more aggressive in the execution of the plan his force was small, especially when one considers the task he was given to perform. The attack was commanded by American Major General John P. Lucas.He wanted to get around German forces on the Winter Line.Then he wanted to attack Rome. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Battle of Anzio, (22 January–5 June 1944), World War II event on the coast of Italy, south of Rome. October 29, 2009. His orders were to plan the attack flexibly, this was probably because General Mark Clark didn’t have much faith in the operation, he thought that for an operation like this to be successful more forces were required, at least a full army. It was only the slow, relentless pressure applied on land and in the air throughout Italy that forced the Germans to give way. A big problem with the plan soon emerged, the orders given to the commander of what would become the battle of Anzio didn’t reflect the real urgency of the attack. militaryhistoryonline.com website. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). When they arrived at the front lines of Rome the Allies exploited a weakness in the German defenses and soon marched into the city and this was the end of the battle of Anzio.